The “Energy Efficiency” Program
The “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings” Program
Buildings and transportation are the most energy-consuming sectors in Greece. Buildings in Greece account for approximately 36% of the total energy consumption, while, during the years 2000-2005, relevant energy consumption increased by approximately 24%, one of the highest increases in Europe. One of the main reasons why Greek buildings consume so much energy is that they are old and have no built-in state-of-the art technology, due to the lack of relevant legislation over the last 30 years.
Most of these buildings have problems relating to:
- partial or total lack of heat insulation;
- outdated technology windows/doors (frames/single glazing);
- lack of sun protection on southern and western sides;
- inadequate use of Greece’s high solar potential;
- inadequate maintenance of heating / air conditioning systems, resulting in poor performance.
Another important factor affecting building’s energy performance is tenant behavior. Users-tenants, who lack information about the rational use and management of energy, often tend to waste energy, e.g. by installing individual air conditioning systems without a relevant study, using low efficiency appliances, not performing maintenance of heating systems, etc. Within this context, the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Climate Change (YPEKA), having completed the legal framework on buildings’ energy efficiency, has developed a set of financial incentives, with co-financing from the European Union, for the implementation of energy efficiency upgrading interventions in residential buildings, via the “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings” Program.
The purpose of the Program is to determine the buildings’ energy requirements, as well as the necessary interventions that will maximize energy conservation. The combined application of the program and the above-mentioned legal framework establishes an integrated framework for the implementation of energy efficiency actions.
The Program will be implemented through a Holding Fund entitled “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings Fund” (DECISION no. 31654/ΕΥΘΥ1415/20.07.2010, Official Journal of the Hellenic Republic Β/ 1262). The budget of the Program is EUR 396 million; the Program will be implemented throughout Greece, with an indicative regional allocation to the 13 Regions according to Annex XIII.
The co-financed Program concerns buildings which have a building permit or other legalization document, are located in areas with an average zone price lower than or equal to 2,100 €/sq.m., are used as a residence, their owners meet specific income-related criteria and are classified as low energy efficiency buildings.
The Program offers citizens incentives to carry out the most important interventions, aimed at improving their houses’ energy efficiency, while at the same time contributes to the achievement of Greece’s energy and environmental targets; once completed, the Program will help save energy up to 1 billion kWh annually.
3) Conditions of being selected
The “Energy Efficiency at Household Buildings” Program concerns grant aid for energy efficiency interventions to buildings, throughout the country, which:
- are located in areas with an average zone price1 lower than or equal to 2,100 €/sq.m., as set by 31.12.2009;
- have a building permit. If there is not a building permit a relevant legalization document must be provided, which verifies that the building is legal* .In cases when the building permit has been lost or the relevant documents, on the basis of which the above mentioned legalization document can be issued, are not readily available, the relevant permit and legalization document can be submitted to the bank before signature of the loan agreement.
- have been classified, according to the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC), as lower than or equal to class D;
- have not been marked for demolition
* Eligible buildings are also considered,those which refer to paragraph 2 of article 23 of N. 4014/11 (FEK A’ 209), as applied.